A Penetration testing is a simulated cyber attack against your Computer System, Network or Web Application to check for exploitable vulnerabilities that an attacker could exploit.
The main objective of penetration testing is to identify security weaknesses.
Penetration testing can also be used to test an organization’s security policy
its adherence to compliance requirements, its employees’ security awareness
and the organization’s ability to identify and respond to security incidents
Purpose of penetration testing
The primary goal of a penetration testing is to identify weak spots in an organization’s security posture, as well as measure the compliance of its security policy, test the staff’s awareness of security issues and determine whether the organization would be subject to security disasters.
A penetration testing can also highlight weaknesses in a company’s security policies. For instance, although a security policy focuses on preventing and detecting an attack on an enterprise’s systems, that policy may not include a process to expel a hacker.
Benefits of conducting penetration testing
Penetration testing is essential in an enterprise because:
- Financial sectors like Banks, Investment Banking, Stock Trading Exchanges want their data to be secured, and penetration testing is essential to ensure security
- Also, to determine whether a hacked software system is still subject to any threats present in the system to avoid future hacks
In addition, Proactive Penetration Testing is the best safeguard against hackers
Penetration testing stages
The penetration testing process can be broken down into five stages; as below diagram:
- Planning and reconnaissance
- Footprinting & Scanning
- Gaining access & elevating privileges
- Maintaining access
- Covering tracks
Categories of penetration testing
Here is the penetration testing categories that are provided by SMT:
- Network Penetration testing
- Web Penetration testing
- Wireless Penetration testing
- Mobile Penetration testing
- Cloud Penetration testing
- IOT Penetration testing
- Social Engineering Penetration testing